– Heaven’s Gate, reconciliation/Tokyo

performance, July 2014
Gallery Brocken, Tokyo, Japan

I explore a theme on public mourning for the death prohibited to mourn.
In this piece, the death mourned was in relation to the mass famine in North Korea since late 1990s.

According to Jean Baudrillard, a key element of the revolution of modernity is how it transforms our relation to the dead. The dead in traditional societies are not only revered as ancestors but also held up as role models, as ideals for the living to follow. But modern people consider themselves free, and want to be themselves. They reject the ideals of the past, or the claims of the dead, because they think it will force them to become someone other than who they are. But the modern idea of freedom defines freedom as empty, so most people end up in a vicious circle where they want to be themselves, but have no idea of what it means to be one’s self. 

I attempt to reintroduce an indigenous function of ritual for death through my art practice with contemporary interpretation.

The invitation letter was handed out to the  audience for an act of unconditional prayer during the performance.


I invited audience to pray unconditionally for those who are killed and those who killed,
for those who are injured and those who injured.


Click play button ▶︎ to view in auto play mode. Or you can directly click on the image to advance to the next images.


Since the Korean War has not ended officially, which lead the Korea to be remained as two separated countries. The truth fact finding of millions of civilian massacre was not fully revealed yet. Many dead spirits were not properly mourned publicly as well as privately. There are many taboos in relation to the massacre due to the regime policy using state violence through both South and North Korean government, prolonged. People were not even allowed to speak about it for a long time until quite recently. Many of the death in North Korea was unconsciously considered to be undeserving of mourning because of people’s hatred toward North Korean government.

Those anonymous death unmourned keeps reappearing as a pattern, inducing other sort of tragedy. In North Korea, estimated up to three million people were starved since mid 1990s.


<contents of the video screened in the performance>


During Japanese colonialism, many Koreans immigrated to Japan.

Koreans were enslaved as labor forces, some were enlisted as Japanese soldier, forced to sacrifice their lives for invading Asia Pacific regions.
They were living under the condition of severe poverty.
Discrimination against Koreans were almost unbearable to many, since 1959, they started to immigrate to North Korea. They are called “returner” as they were considered to return to their mother country.

However many of them were from Southern part of Korea and they immigrated to a totally unfamiliar territory.
Total over 90,000 “returners” immigrated to North Korea and the immigration plan was ended in 1984.
After a while, many of “returners” were executed, sent to concentration camps. Many already died.
In recent years, some of the “returners” escaped from North Korea and immigrated to China, South Korea, and Japan.

I moved to South Korea from Japan since 2011.
After a while, my mother told me that my great grand father was died in North Korea.

I met some of the “returners” residing in South Korea and heard stories of their lives.

During the performance, the video piece including my conversation with “returners” were screened with the images of ocean.

In the conversation, the story of starvation in late 1990s till beginning of 2000 was talked about.  He witnessed many of his neighbors died one after another. The death became daily matter, he did not fear it. Since he was working as a doctor, he needed to bury remains of children. The official number of starved population was estimated as three million. Even though he cannot believe this number, he think it would not be exaggeration. Horrifying scenery of mass starvation was told through his voice.



performance documentation, 5min

*Please inquire for password to view the video through contact page.





interview video, 23min full length

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タイトル: 「天国の門」 和解編










地上の楽園を夢見て 多くの帰国者が行き着いた先は 天国の入り口であった。


多くの魂達は、既にもうその門をくぐって あちら側に越えて行った。



大丈夫 安心して











文字通り 天国への入り口だった。

彼らは地上での苦しみから 解き放たれ、 光へ戻って行った。